The rock band Kansas was formed in the state capital of Topeka, the hometown of several of the band's members. The western third of the state—from roughly the U.S. Route 83 corridor westward—has a semi-arid steppe climate. Arkansas is derived from Native American origins. The state's current delegation to the Congress of the United States includes Republican Senators Pat Roberts of Dodge City and Jerry Moran of Manhattan; and Republican Representatives Roger Marshall of Great Bend (District 1), Steve Watkins (District 2), Ron Estes of Wichita (District 4), and Democratic Representative Sharice Davids (District 3). , The State of Kansas had a $350 million budget shortfall in February 2017. Spring River is located between Riverton and Baxter Springs. See more. In 2011 the team moved to their new home, a $165m soccer specific stadium now known as Children's Mercy Park. "Ad Astra" statue on state capitol building dome in Topeka, Kansas; Ad Astra is a Kanza warrior (Kanza are the native American Sioux tribe for whom Kansas is named). The Southwest Chief Amtrak route runs through the state on its route from Chicago to Los Angeles. Overland Park, a young city incorporated in 1960, has the largest population and the largest land area in the county. , Nearly 90% of Kansas's land is devoted to agriculture. Routes 83 and 81, as well as the southwestern portion of the state along and south of U.S. 50, reach 90 °F (32 °C) or above on most days of June, July, and August. ", The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. " However, shortly after Mark Parkinson became governor in 2009 upon Sebelius's resignation to become Secretary of U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Parkinson announced a compromise plan to allow construction of a coal-fired plant. The state's only major commercial (Class C) airport is Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport, located along US-54 on the western edge of the city. As of June 2004, Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita. Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto. Wagon ruts from the trail are still visible in the prairie today. But without a doubt, the Native American influence is still here. What does an Eagle feather mean to you? Also see the lists of names of Native American or English origins. Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House on the Prairie, published in 1935, is another well-known tale about Kansas. Temperatures in areas between U.S. The warrior's bow points to the north star as a symbol of finding one’s way. Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state on January 29, 1861, making it the 34th state to join the United States. The geographic center of Kansas is in Barton County. The state's western half has exposures of Cretaceous through Tertiary sediments, the latter derived from the erosion of the uplifted Rocky Mountains to the west. These are underlain by older Paleozoic and Mesozoic sediments which correlate well with the outcrops to the east. It is bounded by Nebraska to the north, Missouri to the east, Oklahoma to the south, and Colorado to the west. In lieu of the state retail sales tax, a 10% Liquor Drink Tax is collected for liquor consumed on the licensed premises and an 8% Liquor Enforcement Tax is collected on retail purchases.  The drastic tax cuts had "threatened the viability of schools and infrastructure" in Kansas. Wichita (ProperNoun) Their Caddoan language, which is almost extinct.  The state's agricultural outputs are cattle, sheep, wheat, sorghum, soybeans, cotton, hogs, corn, and salt. — Quote from Comanche Chief Ten Bears at 1867 Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty. Wild Bill Hickok was a deputy marshal at Fort Riley and a marshal at Hays and Abilene. Bypasses include I-470 around Topeka, I-235 around Wichita, and I-670 in downtown Kansas City.  The Kansas–Nebraska Act became law on May 30, 1854, establishing Nebraska Territory and Kansas Territory, and opening the area to broader settlement by whites. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison. Keep in mind that having Native American ancestry in your DNA does not make you part of a tribe. Lawrence is the setting for a number of science fiction writer James Gunn's novels. Cities along this route (from south to north) include Wichita, El Dorado, Emporia, Ottawa, and Kansas City (and suburbs). The pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of political wars over the slavery debate. Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo. The winner of the 2011 Newbery Medal for excellence in children's literature, Moon Over Manifest, tells the story of a young and adventurous girl named Abilene who is sent to the fictional town of Manifest, Kansas, by her father in the summer of 1936. Production has steadily declined since the mid-1990s with the gradual depletion of the Hugoton Natural Gas Field—the state's largest field which extends into Oklahoma and Texas. In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in 1881 Kansas became the first U.S. state to adopt a constitutional amendment prohibiting all alcoholic beverages, which was repealed in 1948. The first European to set foot in present-day Kansas was the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, who explored the area in 1541. Most theaters at the time showed films only as part of vaudeville acts but not as an exclusive and stand alone form of entertainment. Going back three … Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region. The name "Kansas" comes from the native American Kaws or Kansa people (a Sioux tribe), All State Name Origins, According to Kansas Historical Society; "The Kaw tribe derived its name from the Siouan aca, “Southwind.” Among the many variations of the name given by French traders and other Europeans were “Kanza” or “Kansa.” By the mid-18th century, the “People of the Southwind” were the predominant tribe in what became the state to which they gave their name.". Sporting Kansas City, who have played their home games at Village West in Kansas City, since 2008, are the first top-tier professional sports league and first Major League Soccer team to be located within Kansas. The history of professional sports in Kansas probably dates from the establishment of the minor league baseball Topeka Capitals and Leavenworth Soldiers in 1886 in the Western League. This is the longest Senate losing streak for either party in a single state. Since oil prices bottomed in 1999, oil production in Kansas has remained fairly constant, with an average monthly rate of about 2.8 million barrels (450,000 cubic meters) in 2004. Capital: Topeka. , In February 2017, a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall. Both KU and K-State have tradition-rich programs in men's basketball. Joe Walsh, guitarist for the famous rock band the Eagles, was born in Wichita. A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University, the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to 1863. Kansas has not elected a Democrat to the U.S. Senate since the 1932 election, when Franklin D. Roosevelt won his first term as president in the wake of the Great Depression. Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. The Jayhawks have won five national titles, including NCAA tournament championships in 1952, 1988, and 2008. According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial makeup of the population was: Ethnically 10.5% of the total population was of Hispanic or Latino origin (they may be of any race).. Acronym / Slang KIAANAFH means... AcronymsAndSlang. The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining. In 2003, Kansas had three income brackets for income tax calculation, ranging from 3.5% to 6.45%. They also were retroactively awarded national championships by the Helms Foundation for 1922 and 1923. Where to Start? To the southeast of Wichita are the cities of Winfield and Arkansas City with historic architecture and the Cherokee Strip Museum (in Ark City). The recent higher prices have made carbon dioxide sequestration and other oil recovery techniques more economical. Some even name their child after a rite of passage, a life event, a dream, or an accomplishment. , The governing body for intercollegiate sports in the United States, the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), was headquartered in Johnson County, Kansas from 1952 until moving to Indianapolis in 1999.. Moran defeated Tiahrt for the Republican nomination for Brownback's seat in the August 2010 primary, then won a landslide general election victory over Democrat Lisa Johnston. Coordinates: 38°29′37″N 98°22′49″W / 38.4937°N 98.3804°W / 38.4937; -98.3804 (State of Kansas), This article is about the State of Kansas. Two major auto racing facilities are located in Kansas. Kansas's capital Topeka is sometimes cited as the home of Pentecostalism as it was the site of Charles Fox Parham's Bethel Bible College, where glossolalia was first claimed as the evidence of a spiritual experience referred to as the baptism of the Holy Spirit in 1901.  In February 2017, S&P downgraded Kansas's credit rating to AA-. With its tributaries, (the Little Arkansas, Ninnescah, Walnut, Cow Creek, Cimarron, Verdigris, and the Neosho), it forms the southern drainage system of the state. West of Hays, population drops dramatically, even in areas along I-70, and only two towns containing populations of more than 4,000: Colby and Goodland, which are located 35 miles (56 km) apart along I-70. The name's meaning is of the downriver people; of the south wind; from Arkansas, USA. Temperatures are often higher in Dodge City, Garden City, and Liberal, but the heat index in those three cities is usually lower than the actual air temperature. The state anthem is the American classic Home on the Range, written by Kansan Brewster Higley. The New York Times reported in September 2014 that as the Democratic candidate for Senator has tried to drop out of the race, independent Greg Orman has attracted enough bipartisan support to seriously challenge the reelection bid of Republican Pat Roberts: The legal drinking age in Kansas is 21. Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. 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